ON GREEN ECONOMY - Mrs. Dewi Savitri Wahab Minister Counsellor, Permanent Mission of the Republic of Indonesia to the United Nations
Last modified: 2010-06-16 20:07:09
Mrs. Dewi Savitri Wahab
Permanent Mission of the Republic of Indonesia to the United Nations
AT THE 1st PREPARATORY COMMITEE MEETING OF UNCSD
ON GREEN ECONOMY
18 MAY 2010
At the outset I should like to align my intervention with the intervention made by Yemen on
behalf of the G77 and China.
Indonesia views green economy as a vehicle towards attaining sustainable development.
Implementing green economy internalizes and takes account of externalities costs in our
development process, achieving a better balance in the economic, social, and environment
dimensions. This ensures sustainable and inclusive growths and enhances the achievement
of the MDGs.
We therefore consider the decision to adopt the theme of green economy for the 2012 UN
Conference on Sustainable Development as timely and particularly fitting.
The depth of the recent global economic crisis has raised questions on the path and method
of our current and past economic development. This presents us with an opportunity to
redesign national and global economic policies and strategies, toward implementing the
concept of green growth and green economy.
In this regard we welcome the Nusa Dua Declaration of the UNEP Global Ministerial
Environment Forum in February 2010, in which Ministers acknowledges the need to
advance the concept of green economy in the context of sustainable development and
Green economy must be implemented in a comprehensive manner. Externalities costs must
be internalized in economic activities related to production, distribution and consumption
of goods and services at all level. This is important for its full effectiveness.
It is also important to ensure a bottom up approach in implementing green economy. By
this we mean the policies and strategies for the transition to green economy must be taken
at national level, and not be made as multilateral or international prescribed
conditionalties. This will ensure that policy space as well as natural resources and cultural
peculiarities are respected.
Having said this, a conducive international environment is however central for successful
implementation of green economy. The international financial system and the multilateral
trading system must support and facilitate the transition towards green economy.
Green investment must be encourage and made more attractive. Tariffs on green products
such as organic agriculture products must be reduced and eliminated. While agriculture
subsidies provided to non-green farming must be eliminated.
Also important, particularly during the transition process towards green economy, is to
ensure that green economic policies are not use as a disguise protectionist. Process
Production Method (PPM) standards must not become a non tariff barrier. At the same
time it is critically important for Mutual Recognition Agreement (MRA) on green products
and services be established between developed and developing countries.
Moving toward a green economy entails a process of transition that requires both
developed and developing countries undertake fundamental changes in the design and
implementation of economic, social and environmental policies. It is important to
emphasize that given their level of development and readiness, developing countries will
require considerable assistance to move towards green economy.
In working on green economy in the preparatory process for UNCSD 2012 it therefore
useful to keep in mind a number issue.
First, UNCSD 2012 must galvanize support towards the transition to green economy.
Particularly important is to ensure concrete and doable action in the area of financing,
technology transfer, and capacity building for developing countries to move towards green
Second, we must not reinvent the wheel. There are already a lot work being done within
the UN system and other international organizations on green economy such as that by
UNEP. Utilizing and mainstreaming work already done to the preparatory process is
Third, we need to avoid setting ambitious sound bites targets which are not realistic and
unachievable. This will be counterproductive in the overall effort to transform our global
economy to a greener pasture. Small doable concrete steps and actions are what are
important. Thank you.
Keywords: Indonesia, green economy, Dewi Savitri Wahab, UNCSD, Permanent Mission of the Republic of Indonesia to the United Nations